Philosophy

Learning Indonesian Philosophy Way, Inspired by the Java Kingdom

In Europe, the understanding of Asian philosophy is lacking. Other parts of the world, like Asia, America, Africa and Australia, do not feel spawn certain philosophical thinking. If there is also a lecture or philosophical research on progress outside Europe, orientalism nuance is still very strong. In this sense, orientalism is a view that strives to understand different cultures by wearing a glass of European thought. This pattern will surely fall into misunderstanding.

Then, what about the philosophy of Indonesia? Does Indonesia perhaps have its own philosophical doctrine? To be able to answer this question, I and you need to understand the meaning of Indonesia and the meaning of the philosophy itself.

Indonesian Artefact of Java History

As a nation and state structure, Indonesia emerged from the colonization of European countries, especially the Netherlands. Before colonialism, or colonialism, there was no such thing as Indonesia. There is a variety of independent kingdom with their own customs and uniqueness. After 1945, thanks to the colonization of the life of colonial life for hundreds of years, Indonesia was born as an awareness, understanding, as a nation and state structure (subsequently added a number of other areas).

In my economics, Indonesia does not have any particular philosophical doctrine. What Indonesia has, as a plurality of nations, is the various worldviews (Weltanschauungen) or minds that already exist and grow for thousands of years. This worldview becomes an element of culture, then produces various cultural products, like values, rituals, clothes, food, patterns of behavior and so on. This is more little known as local wisdoms (local wisdoms) Indonesia.

The worldview is a collection of understandings about all things related to individual life and life together embedded in a certain group of habits, and become an element of their identity. The world view can be understood from five points.

For a long time, I visited many philosophical classes in Europe. Of course, Western philosophy is very thickly developed there. Many experienced studies of a particular area in Western philosophy, for example ancient Greek philosophy or German philosophy, then trained in many universities. With this technique, Western philosophy, or rather European philosophy, can nurture and develop its identity.

However, in Europe, the understanding of Asian philosophy is lacking. Other parts of the world, like Asia, America, Africa and Australia, do not feel spawn certain philosophical thinking. If there is also a lecture or philosophical research on progress outside Europe, orientalism nuance is still very strong. In this sense, orientalism is a view that strives to understand different cultures by wearing a glass of European thought. This pattern will surely fall into misunderstanding.

Then, what about the philosophy of Indonesia? Does Indonesia perhaps have its own philosophical doctrine? To be able to answer this question, I and you need to understand the meaning of Indonesia and the meaning of the philosophy itself.

Prambanan Temple

As a nation and state structure, Indonesia emerged from the colonization of European countries, especially the Netherlands. Before colonialism, or colonialism, there was no such thing as Indonesia. There is a variety of independent kingdom with their own customs and uniqueness. After 1945, thanks to the colonization of the life of colonial life for hundreds of years, Indonesia was born as an awareness, understanding, as a nation and state structure (subsequently added a number of other areas).

In my economics, Indonesia does not have any particular philosophical doctrine. What Indonesia has, as a plurality of nations, is the various worldviews (Weltanschauungen) or minds that already exist and grow for thousands of years. This worldview becomes an element of culture, then produces various cultural products, like values, rituals, clothes, food, patterns of behavior and so on. This is more little known as local wisdoms (local wisdoms) Indonesia.

The worldview is a collection of understandings about all things related to individual life and life together embedded in a certain group of habits, and become an element of their identity. The world view can be understood from five points.

The first point is cosmology. Cosmology is the view of a group of customs about nature that they occupy, categorized in it the view of the making of the universe, the process is formed up to its destruction. Each group of habits understands their nature with its unique method, for example an understanding of a mountain, a river, a desert or a forest. This kind of view is spread so little and amongst many custom groups in Indonesia.

The second point is theology. Theology is a view of God embraced by a particular group of habits. Theology is often concerned with existing religious institutions, categorized in them moral values, rituals, hierarchy and physical location. Every collection of cultures, even in Indonesia, has a unique understanding of God that fits into the atmosphere of their lives.

The third point is axiology. Axiology is a view of values ​​embedded within certain groups of habits. Included in it is a view as well as a description of everything that is perceived as valuable, like a well-perceived action, speech that is felt good, behaviors that are felt good, doctrines are felt good, and so forth. The axiom of a particular group of habits binds the people in it into a particular value community.

The fourth point is epistemology, which is the view of the origin of knowledge contained within a particular group of habits. It contains information about how a knowledge, such as the creation of the universe, can be created. Epistemology is thick with a statement based on reason, certainly as the group of habits know the mind. This is where we can understand that “reasoning” is also not an absolute and universal thing, but embedded in a unique and living worldview.

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